Four Hudson Boulevard; Mixed-use Tower
Studio Work, Fall 2017

Diagram - Form Development

                A tower is an urbanistic object. It is simultaneously privileged with autonomy and burdened with dependence upon its content. By considering the tower as an urbanistic object, the tower can be considered as a porous object, continually engaged by its surrounding to spur more participatory public through the process of discovery, and frankly, fun.

Exterior Rendering

                In its current and continued state, the New York tower is a distinct trifle of pedestal, middle, and top, none of which are perceived in the same location at once. The pedestrian at street level is confronted with a partially accessible and usually glass enclosed, plinth from the sidewalk to sidewalk. The middle exterior of a tower is only experienced by onlookers in neighboring buildings, and the top of a tower is experienced only at far distances. These are three distinct conditions completely exclusive of one another.
                The tower itself is upon its site as an autonomous sculpture, competing for a presence among the Manhattan skyline, like ground level rainforest plants fighting for access to sunlight. 

Plan - Ground Floor

Exterior Rendering - Public Plaza

                The tower itself is upon its site as an autonomous sculpture, competing for a presence among the Manhattan skyline, like ground level rainforest plants fighting for access to sunlight.

 Diagram - Section Variation

                As a response to this condition presented by the towers type, the project challenges the layered trifle condition. The first investigation was programmatic – the primary reason for the tower’s experiential separation. Rather than having the offices, hotels, and residential units stacked on top of another, the three programs sit above and beside one another. By having such an arrangement, the spatial and programmatic relationships arise.


                The section is articulated by two main interstitial zones, bounded by two different program types - one between office and hotel and the other between office and residential. These spaces not only allow architecture to be read simultaneously as a coherent whole and clusters of disparate individuals at multiple scales, but also offer new possibilities for social, visual, and programmatic interactions.

Exterior Rendering

Plan - Lower Condo Transfer Floor
Plan - Upper Condo Transfer Floor

Exterior Rendering -  Condo and Office

                These interstitial spaces, which initially can be seen as a break between programs with a different level of privacy, are rather opportunities for social and visual interaction. Although varying outdoor spaces serve specific programs and are separated by light-wells, perform as connective tissue.

Plan - Lower Hotel Transfer Floor
Plan - Upper Hotel Transfer Floor

Exterior Rendering -  Hotel and Office

Model Photo

                The tower’s privilege and responsibility lie in its scale – structure and form have power and agency with the tower, unlike any other architectural typology. It is lost an opportunity, to say the least, to not explore the depths and extremities of form and structure that the tower has the ability to provide.


Diagram - Structure

Diagram - Ventilation

                There exist two unitized facade systems. The first system, implemented on surfaces that bound the interstitial spaces, is a single-layered double glazed system with some being operable for natural ventilation. Using a rigid orthogonal grid, the facade creates a clean expression of the interstitial.


                The second, which exists on outer surfaces of the volume, is a double skin facade with the outer face being supported by fins extending out from the inner structural mullions. The organization of the inner skin uses the geometry that is inherent to each volume and are not orthogonal, emphasizing the subtle yet autonomous qualities of each. Furthermore, the geometry of the outer layer follows a rather strict perpendicular grid.

Axonometric - Facade

                The superimposition of the two grids not only gives a cohesive look from distance but also creates subtle textures that change as the architecture is experienced at different scales. In such experience, architecture can be read simultaneously as a singular whole and three distinct individuals.